Several collaborative teaching approaches have proven to be successful to guide educators who work together in co-teaching partnerships to differentiate instruction. The approaches include:
- Supportive Co-teaching — where the one member of the team takes the lead role and the other member rotates among students to provide support
- Parallel Co-teaching — where support personnel and the classroom teacher instruct different heterogeneous groups of students
- Complementary Co-teaching — where a member of the co-teaching team does something to supplement or complement the instruction provided by the other member of the team (e.g., models note taking on a transparency, paraphrases the other co-teacher’s statements)
- Team Teaching — where the members of the team co-teach along side one another and share responsibility for planning, teaching, and assessing the progress of all students in the class.